The immune system is a critical part of maintaining homeostatic balance in the animal and is often the system that is side-lined in favour of performance and growth. Stress (environmental, management or pathogenic) increases susceptibility to infectious disease and impairs animal performance. A function of the animals feed is to consistently provide nutrients that help improve the animals’ immunity and resilience to disease. Let us take a look at the role of 2 common macro-minerals, Calcium and Magnesium, in immunity:
Calcium and magnesium on their own will not guarantee an efficient functioning immune system; however, as we can see from the research, they are vital tools in the complex pathways of the immune system. Both calcium and magnesium are macro-minerals that are incorporated in animal diets currently. Focusing more on the sources and bioavailability of these minerals provides us with a tool to help improve the efficiency and robustness of an animals immune system.